A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of your big toe. They can develop from an inherited structural defect, excess stress on your foot, or can result from an existing medical condition.
For the most part, bunions require no medical treatment. However, if you are experiencing one or more of the following, a podiatrist can help alleviate your symptoms:
- Persistent big toe or foot pain
- A visible bump on your big toe joint
- Decreased movement of your big toe or foot
- Difficulty finding shoes that fit properly
Hammertoe is a condition where the second, third, or fourth toe, is bent at the middle joint, overlapping the toe(s) next to it. It is caused by improperly fitting shoes and problems with the toe muscles.
Those with hammertoe often have corns or calluses on the middle or tips of their toes. It is usually difficult to find properly fitted shoes due to deformity.
Treatments include wearing softer, properly fitted shoes, physical therapy exercises, straps, cushions, and corn pads.
In severe cases, surgery may be required to reposition the toe(s).